Panchagavya or Panchakavya, is prepared by mixing five products of cow and used in traditional Indian rituals. In Sanskrit Panch mean five and gavya mean cow; hence the name Panchagavya.It is also called cowpathy treatment based on products obtained from cows used in Ayurvedic medicine and of religious significance for Hindus. Panchgavya is also used as fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural operations.
Few studies have been performed to test the efficacy of Panchagavya as a medical intervention.Those studies which have been done have largely been of low quality. Studies concerning ingesting individual components of Panchagavya, such as cow urine, have shown no positive benefit, and significant side effects, including convulsion, depressed respiration, and death.Cow’s urine can also be a source of harmful bacteria and infectious diseases, including leptospirosis.
Panchagavya used not only in the field of agriculture but can also be used for the improvement of human and animal health.
How to prepare Panchagavya:
Panchagavya consists of nine products viz. cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd, jaggery, ghee, banana, tender coconut, and water.The cow dung and ghee are thoroughly mixed in the morning and evening and kept for 3 days. After setting, it is mixed regularly for another 15 days, and then added to the other ingredients, and left to sit for another 30 days. Panchagavya is stored in a wide-mouthed earthen pot or concrete tank in open. Sufficient shade is usually provided. It is sometimes diluted before use.
|Ingredients of Panchagavya|
|Cow dung||Cow urine||Cow ghee||Milk||Water|
A dosage of Panchagavya:
3% solution was found to be most effective compared to the higher and lower concentrations investigated. Three litres of Panchagavya to every 100 litres of water is ideal for all crops. The power sprayers of 10 litres capacity may need 300 ml/tank. When sprayed with power sprayer, sediments are to be filtered and when sprayed with hand operated sprayers, the nozzle with higher pore size has to be used.
The solution of Panchagavya can be mixed with irrigation water at 50 litres per hectare either through drip irrigation or flow irrigation
3% solution of Panchagavya can be used to soak the seeds or dip the seedlings before planting. Soaking for 20 minutes is sufficient. Rhizomes of Turmeric, Ginger, and sets of Sugarcane can be soaked for 30 minutes before planting.
3% of Panchagavya solution can be used to dip the seeds before drying and storing them.
- Pre-flowering phase: Once in 15 days, two sprays depending upon the duration of crops
- Flowering and pod setting stage: Once in 10 days two sprays
- Fruit/Pod maturation stage: Once during pod maturation
Benefits of Panchagavya
The benefits of Panchagavya are numerous. It is indeed a magic potion for plants. You’ll notice a few things about your plants when you start using Panchagavya.
- It keeps pests away from your plants.
- It helps develop bigger and better leaves and stem.
- Plant canopy and root system become denser.
- Yield is better in quantity and quality.
You can order Panchagavya online here.